FORMENTERA MODEL- ECOLOGICAL HOUSING
Imagine a house with an impressive design in which outside noise is not heard,
the temperature is constant and there are no drafts.
We present the Formentera model in Mutxamel (Alicante).
WOOD, THE MATERIAL OF THE FUTURE.
There is a tendency to think of wood as a material with an expiration date, and without the ability to compete with its alternatives, concrete and steel. Although it is true that the latter have allowed architects and engineers to develop large-scale works and infrastructures, wood today, thanks to the optimization of its production and the enhancement of its capabilities, is, without a doubt, the best option for medium-sized works.
In recent decades, the view has been established among consumers that concrete and steel are the only way to build, mainly influenced by architectural fashion and high-rise works.
However, recently, driven by prefabrication, the improvement of construction techniques and the optimization of resources, wood is once again experiencing a renaissance in construction. And not only for these reasons, wood also has a number of advantages:
• It is a renewable material and its use is much less polluting than any other material used in construction.
• It is a light and resistant material, this contributes to structural solutions with less material per surface unit.
In other words, if we compare a concrete structure with a wooden one, for the same resistance, the wood will use much less material.
• It is a thermally insulating material and acoustically absorbent.
• Well protected from humidity and biotic agents, it can last for hundreds of years.
All constructions are made with a load-bearing wall system.
This system, also called a diaphragm panel, is made up of a series of horizontal and vertical wooden studs that make up the skeleton of the walls and floors. These skeletons are closed on both sides with wooden boards, configuring a compact and lightweight element, with a very high load capacity and exceptional thermal and acoustic insulation performance.
This type of construction is detailed in the technical building code.
We are also proud that our panel is built 100% with wood from eco-sustainable forests, thus reducing the carbon footprint and making our contribution in the fight against climate change.
Our panels constitute the minimum unit of execution, and playing with their thickness and surface finishes allow us to use them for load-bearing walls, enclosures, interior partitions and floors.
There are two types of industrialized housing, those that are assembled on-site and those that are modular. Differences? Those for on-site assembly are finished on the plot, while the modular ones leave the factory assembled and only the finishes are made on the plot itself.
Which ones are better? Both are equally good, it is not better to do it one way or another, it depends on the conditions of the land, the accesses to the plot and some aspects of the design of the house itself. In less than 6 months from the start of the work, the house will be ready for customers to start enjoying it.
“MODULAR” 3D SYSTEM
We speak of 3D or "modular" construction when the house is divided into cubic fragments or modules that are finished both inside and outside from the factory. These modules are installed and assembled together on site. On-site execution times are considerably reduced, since the modules are 90% finished from the factory, incorporating windows, doors, roof waterproofing, installations, etc.
Another feature of this system is that the modules are self-supporting. This means that the foundation options are varied. From sanitary slabs and floors, to piles and even other more innovative systems offered by the market.
ADVANTAGES OF THE 3D SYSTEM
Minimum execution time on site.
Total factory control of the finishes.
Different foundation options.
Maximum dimensions by logistics
>Are the houses well insulated?
The panels provide insulation well above conventional work, achieving A/A+/A++ ratings, both on walls, floors and ceilings, and can reach Passivhaus standards.
>What type of heating can be installed?
Any heating and air conditioning system can be installed, as well as fireplaces, underfloor heating, etc.
>How long are these dwellings?
Structurally, they last longer than a traditional brick home. The traditional construction house is very heavy structure. All the weight falls on the foundation and load-bearing pillars. Over the years they weaken, and if it is not maintained it tends to collapse. Our light frame construction type has minimal structural weight. All the vertical walls function as a load-bearing wall, so the structure can hardly be demolished. A clear example is that the vibrations of the transport from the factory to the final destination, designated by the client, would be equivalent to a major earthquake, without causing any alteration to the home.
> Are they fire resistant?
Fireproof materials are used in the manufacture, both outside and inside.
>Do they resist the wind?
Due to its weight it is materially impossible for the wind to move it. By way of illustration, during transport, the houses withstand winds both due to the speed of the truck and the wind itself, and never suffer any alteration.
>Is it possible to install it on rustic land?
To install a house on rustic land, we recommend that you check with the town hall of the municipality where the farm is located and check what permits are necessary and what regulations apply to it.